coat of arms of the municipality Nový Bydžov

Nový Bydžov

The first mention of the former royal city dates back to sources from 1305, when it was established along the Cidlina River in a regular geometric shape, which is one-of-a-kind in medieval urbanism. Already in 1325, the city got into the hands of the Vartenbergs, then the Pernštejns in 1516 and the Waldsteins in 1548. In 1569, Nový Bydžov was bought out of serfdom and became a royal dowry city. In 1751 to 1784, it was the residential town of the newly established Bydžov Region, extending from Krkonoš through Vrchlabí, Jilemnice, Nova Paka, Jičín, Hořice, Nový Bydžov, Chlumec nad Cidlinou and Poděbrady all the way to Sadská. Due to location, the region’s headquarters were transferred to Jičín in 1784, but the name of the region remained preserved until 1850. From 1860 until 1960, Nový Bydžov was a district town. Even after the district was cancelled, it continued to be the natural centre of the entire sub-region.

The centre of the town is created by a square with a rectangular opening into four main and eight secondary streets. This area is declared a conservation area. The Gothic church of St. Lawrence has been preserved from the beginning of the 14th century. The square is decorated with a Neo-Gothic town hall from 1865 and a group of Baroque sculptures of the Marian plague column. A Jewish cemetery was established in 1520 behind the southern walls of the town. It is the third oldest in Bohemia.

The collections of the Town Museum housed in the Art Nouveau building of the former savings bank are of significant art history value (e.g. paintings by Petr Brandl and statues by Václav Kudera-Křapík). The local gallery presents over two-hundred works of art from the 19th and 20th century.

Nový Bydžov has become the birthplace to a number of significant persons – the rector of the university in Prague, important philosopher, scientist and historian Mark Bydžovsky of Florentin, Josef Němec, Czech patriot and husband to writer Božena Němcova, patron of Czech education and culture Aloise Turek and many others.

Virtual tour

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